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Pediatricians’ #advice to parents - Tamar Obgaidze

From Blog:
On December 23, 2021
by Bakuriani

• The first 1,000 days are very important in a person's life. The countdown of these days begins at the moment a child is conceived. Any positive or negative stimuli during these stages of development affect a child’s health. Proper nutrition and care and adequate medical supervision can program a child’s health almost from an early age and reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases later in life. When we talk about nutritional programming, we must remember that the best food for a baby is breast milk.
• Breast milk is a living substance that fully meets a baby’s nutrient needs. However, we should keep in mind that it contains a small amount of vitamin D, so we should give it to infants to prevent rickets. It regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism and helps strengthen bones, although vitamin D has other important functions in the body.
• When starting complementary foods for children over 6 months of age, it is important to give them water. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that infants aged 6-12 months need about 120-240 ml of water daily, at the age of 1-2 years, 240-950 ml and at the age of 2-5 years, 240-1200 ml.
• At high ambient temperatures, when the body loses fluid in the form of sweat, in case of fevers, constipation and other diseases, it is necessary to increase the amount of water in the daily ration.
• Water intended for the child should not have harmful impurities, for example - silver, lead, carbon dioxide, as well as pathogenic microbes. Water should be given in a safe container. With this in mind, it is recommended to use bottled water, which is filtered and contains only beneficial minerals.
• Take care of your children’s sleep patterns, which means repeating the same activities over and over before bedtime. For example, bathing after dinner, putting on a sleeping suit, lying in bed. The child gets used to this sequence gradually.
• Exciting games and noise before bedtime is undesirable. Try from an early age to accustom your child to sleep in his bed. Make sure he sleeps safely.
• Safe sleep means a correct sleeping position - your baby should sleep on his back, not on his stomach. There should be no toys, pillows or soft bumpers in his crib. The surface of the bed should be firm. The blanket should be folded so that the baby cannot accidentally cover the top of the blanket over his head with it. You can use a sleeping bag in which your baby has his hands free and can move freely.
• Finally, don’t forget that physical activity is very important for a child’s development. In infants, this type of activity should take about 30 minutes and include lying on their stomach and doing simple physical exercises. Children 1-3 years old should be outdoors for about 3 hours during the day. Between the ages of 3-5 years, they need active physical activity in the form of play, about 3 hours a day, or 15 minutes every hour when the child is awake.

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