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Pediatricians’ #advice to parents - Temur Mikeladze

From Blog:
On December 23, 2021
by Bakuriani
  • Breast milk is the gold standard of baby food, which fully meets the baby’s needs for water, micro and macronutrients. Exclusive breastfeeding (only breast milk) should continue until 6 months of age and with complementary foods can continue up to 2 years later. Breastfeeding is the best investment in a healthy baby.
  • From 6 months of age, the baby should be given water according to the daily requirement. In case of artificial feeding, the baby takes water from the first hours after birth, both as part of the milk formula and for drinking.
  • The baby needs to be close to his mother - touch “skin to skin”, contact “eye to eye” means a lot to him.
  • The pediatrician decides on the time, ration and amount of complementary food individually, taking into account the age of the child and, in some cases, laboratory values.
  • A healthy child gets sick 6 or more times a year with increased social activity. There is no indication for supplements, or so-called immunomodulatory.
  • High fever is a defensive reaction of the body. If the cause of the disease is known, the child’s hydration status is adequate, he tolerates a high temperature and his general condition is satisfactory, antipyretic drugs may not be necessary.  Physical methods of cooling are not recommended (socks soaked in vinegar, rubbing with alcohol or vinegar diluted in water, etc.).
  • Coughing is also a defensive reaction of the body; a healthy person coughs and sneezes 3-38 times a day. Expectorants are not recommended for young children. To improve the rheological properties (viscosity, elasticity, adhesion) of sputum, it is necessary to take in enough water. The daily need for water can be increased by 1/3, taking into account the high ambient temperature.
  • For the prevention of pathological conditions, in order to develop persistent immunity against infections, children should be timely vaccinated.
  • Viral, bacterial, parasitic intestinal infections are common in children; those with weakened immunity rarely face fungal infections. Assessment of the child’s rehydration status is very important for proper management of intestinal infections. To prevent dehydration, the child should take about 1/3 more of the daily amount of water, and in some cases even twice as much. It depends on how and how much fluid he loses and how it is excreted. To quench his thirst, you can offer your child salty food or salty sticks. Our water is full of micro- and macro-nutrients, sodium and potassium, and if we give water to children correctly and according to the daily requirement, we will prevent dehydration.
  • Health is physical and spiritual well-being, which requires proper daily planning, which includes proper nutrition and physical activity. If we offer our children a healthy lifestyle, we will prevent them from various chronic pathologies, chronic diseases or such so-called diseases of civilization as obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes and others. We parents should commit ourselves to take our children out often and offer them a proper daily diet, which means consuming enough micro and macronutrients and water.

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